Virtues


The four classic cardinal virtues are justice, courage, prudence, and moderation. According to the Stoics, beneath each of these four primary virtues fall a number of subordinate virtues.

JUSTICE

  • piety
  • honesty
  • equity
  • fair dealing

COURAGE

  • endurance
  • confidence
  • high-mindedness
  • cheerfulness
  • industriousness

PRUDENCE

  • good sense
  • good calculation
  • quick-wittedness
  • discretion
  • resourcefulness

TEMPERANCE

  • good discipline
  • seemliness
  • modesty
  • self-control